What is a Business Support System (BSS)?

What is a Business Support System (BSS)?

The BSS stands for Business Support System, it typically covers the Customer facing and Business parts and works closely with the Operating Support Systems (OSS). The BSS is a very important part of your Mobile Brand (MVNO).

What is the Function of the Business Support System (BSS)?

Business Support System (BSS) refers to the set of applications, modules and software programs that allow telecommunications organizations to manage and streamline all customer-facing activities—from ordering services to resolving billing issues. The BSS mainly caters to processes of product management, order management, Billing & Revenue management, and customer management.

These components work synergistically to deliver efficient services, maintain strong customer relationships, and ensure financial viability. Digital BSS, however, can support 5G monetization, enabling BSS to support hybrid networks and ensuring heterogeneity across these journeys.

A well-structured BSS framework is essential for telecommunications and service providers to efficiently manage their business operations and enhance customer experiences. Below, we will explore the four primary parts of BSS, emphasizing their functions, importance, and interconnections.

From a Mobile Brand / MVNO point of view the BSS sits in the top, above the Operating Support System (BSS) and the Core Mobile Network.

MVNO Index - BSS - What is a Business Support System (BSS)

What are the 4 key parts of the Business Support System (BSS)?

Mvno index - all - What is an Business Support System (BSS)

Business Support System (BSS) have an important role in your Mobile Brand and the MVNO landscape, focusing on the business aspects of customer management , billing and revenue management, order & product management network management.

BSS contains a suite of software applications, tools, and processes designed to ensure the efficient functioning of customer and business services. In this comprehensive exploration, we will dissect BSS into its four primary components, shedding light on their intricacies and significance.

Customer Management

  • The Customer Management itself
  • What are the key functions of Customer Management within a BSS?
  • What is the importance of Customer Management within the BSS?
  • Integration with Other BSS Components

Order Management

  • Order Management
  • What are the key functions of Order Management within the BSS?
  • What is the importance of Order Management within the BSS?
  • Integration with Other BSS Components

Billing and Revenue Management

  • Billing and Revenue Management
  • What are the key functions of Billing & Revenue Management in the BSS?
  • What is the importance of Billing and Revenue Management in the BSS?
  • Integration with Other BSS Components

 Product Management

  • Product Management
  • What are the key functions of Product Management within the BSS?
  • What is the importance of Product Management within the BSS?
  • Integration with Other BSS Components

    Customer Management

    Mvno index - Customer Relationship Management - What is an Business Support System (BSS)

    The Customer Management of the BSS itself

    Customer Management is the keystone of BSS, as it revolves around cultivating and nurturing meaningful relationships with customers. In a highly competitive telecommunications landscape, where customers have an array of choices, effective Customer Management is indispensable.

    It encompasses a spectrum of functions aimed at delivering superior customer experiences and ensuring customer satisfaction.

    The key functions of Customer Management within a Business Support System (BSS)

    Customer Data Management

    The foundation of CRM lies in collecting, storing, and managing comprehensive customer data. This includes personal information, service subscriptions, communication preferences, and interaction history.

    Customer Profiling

    Profiling involves segmenting customers based on various attributes, such as demographics, usage patterns, and behaviors. These profiles enable personalized service offerings and targeted marketing campaigns.

    Interaction Tracking

    CRM systems meticulously record customer interactions across various touchpoints, including phone calls, emails, chat support, and social media. This information provides valuable insights for improving customer engagement.

    Customer Communication

    CRM platforms support personalized communication with customers, whether it’s sending targeted promotions, notifications, or service updates. Effective communication fosters trust and loyalty.

    Customer Support

    CRM facilitates efficient customer support by streamlining issue tracking, resolution, and follow-up. It ensures that customer inquiries are handled promptly and satisfactorily.

    Customer Feedback Management

    Capturing customer feedback through surveys, feedback forms, and reviews is crucial for

    Some other functions of Customer Management

    • Subscriber registration and management
    • Subscription Management
    • Customer profiling and segmentation
    • Self-Service Portals
    • Device Management
    • Quality of Experience (QoE) Monitoring
    • Customer Contact (IVR)
    • Customer Loyalty Programs
    • Customer Education and Support
    • Inbound & Outbound Sales
    • API Management
    • Marketing and Promotions
    • Social Media Management
    • Data Monetization
    • Customer Privacy and Data Protection

    The importance of CRM within the Business Support System (BSS)

    CRM is instrumental in fostering long-lasting customer relationships, which are essential for business sustainability. By understanding customer preferences and addressing their needs, service providers can reduce churn rates, increase customer retention, and enhance brand loyalty. CRM also empowers providers to anticipate customer requirements, making it a strategic asset for business growth.

    Integration with Other BSS Components

    CRM is intrinsically interconnected with other BSS components. For instance, customer data stored in CRM systems is utilized by billing systems to generate accurate invoices. It also informs product management decisions, allowing providers to tailor services to specific customer segments. Furthermore, CRM plays a pivotal role in customer support, helping agents access customer information efficiently and deliver a personalized experience.

    Billing and Revenue Management

    Mvno index - Billing and Revenue Management - What is an Business Support System (BSS)

    Billing and Revenue Management

    Billing and Revenue Management is the financial heartbeat of BSS, ensuring that service providers accurately calculate charges, generate bills, and manage revenue streams. Precision in billing is vital for revenue collection, financial stability, and adherence to regulatory standards.

    This component comprises a series of intricate processes to handle the financial aspects of service provisioning.

    The key functions of Billing and Revenue Management within the BSS?


    Rating involves the calculation of charges for services based on predefined rate plans, usage, and other parameters. It determines the cost of services consumed by customers.


    Charging mechanisms define how customers are billed for services, whether it’s a prepaid or postpaid model, flat-rate charges, or usage-based fees.


    Billing systems generate invoices that detail the charges incurred by customers during a specific billing cycle. Invoices include itemized charges, payment due dates, and account summaries.


    Invoicing encompasses the process of delivering bills to customers through various channels, such as email, postal mail, or online portals. Timely invoicing is crucial for revenue collection.

    Payment Processing

    This function manages the receipt and processing of customer payments through multiple payment methods, including credit cards, bank transfers, and electronic wallets.

    Revenue Assurance

    Revenue assurance strategies identify and mitigate revenue leakage, which can occur due to billing errors, fraud, or discrepancies in financial transactions.

    Revenue Reconciliation

    This process reconciles financial records with partner networks, ensuring accurate revenue sharing and settlement, especially in cases of roaming or interconnection.

    Some other functions of Billing and Revenue Management

    • Fraud Management
    • Campaign Management
    • Usage Analytics and Reporting
    • Fair usage policy
    • Real-time usage & transaction
    • Bill shock prevention

    The importance of Billing and Revenue Management within the BSS?

    Billing and Revenue Management is the financial backbone of service providers. Accurate billing and revenue collection are essential for maintaining the economic viability of the business. It not only ensures the timely collection of funds but also plays a critical role in regulatory compliance and financial reporting.

    Integration with Other BSS Components

    Billing and Revenue Management is closely intertwined with CRM, as it relies on customer data to generate invoices accurately. It also collaborates with product management to incorporate new service offerings into billing systems. Moreover, it interacts with order management to ensure that services are provisioned according to billing specifications.

    Order Management

    Mvno index - Order management - What is an Business Support System (BSS)

    Order Management in the BSS

    Order Management is the linchpin for orchestrating service provisioning in response to customer requests. It ensures that customer orders for new services, changes to existing services, and service activations are processed efficiently and accurately.

    This component is essential for delivering services promptly and meeting customer expectations.

    The key functions of Order Management within the Business Support System (BSS)

    Order Entry

    Order management begins with the entry of customer orders into the system. This involves capturing order details, such as service types, quantities, and customer preferences.

    Order Tracking

    Order tracking provides real-time visibility into the status of customer orders. Customers and service providers can monitor the progress of order fulfillment.

    Order Status Management

    Efficient management of order statuses ensures that orders progress through predefined stages, from submission to completion.

    Service Activation

    After order approval, order management triggers service activation processes. This includes provisioning network resources, configuring services, and assigning customer accounts.

    Order Fulfillment

    Order fulfillment encompasses all the tasks and processes required to meet customer requests, including delivering devices, activating SIM cards, and configuring services.

    Some other functions of Order Management

    • Service Provisioning
    • Inventory Management
    • SLA Management
    • Fault Management
    • SIM Management
    • SIM Ordering
    • SIM Delivery
    • Voucher Management
    • Digital Transformation Initiatives
    • Business Continuity & Disaster Recovery
    • International Roaming Settlements
    • Blockchain Integration

    The importance of Order Management within the Business Support System (BSS)

    Order Management is pivotal for ensuring the accurate and timely delivery of services. It minimizes errors, reduces order processing times, and enhances the overall customer experience. Efficient order management directly impacts customer satisfaction and helps service providers meet service level agreements (SLAs).

    Integration with Other BSS Components

    Order Management closely collaborates with CRM to capture and validate customer orders accurately. It relies on billing systems to calculate charges for services as per customer requests. Additionally, it coordinates with product management to ensure that the requested services are available and properly configured.

    Product Management

    Mvno index - Product management - What is an Business Support System (BSS)

    Product Management of the BSS

    Product Management is responsible for defining, creating, and managing the services and products offered by the service provider. It is the gateway to service innovation, allowing providers to adapt to changing market demands and introduce new offerings.

    Product Management aligns services with customer needs and preferences.

    The key functions of Product Management within the Business Support System (BSS)

    Product Catalog Management

    Product Management maintains a comprehensive product catalog that defines all available services and offerings. This catalog includes detailed descriptions, pricing structures, and service bundles.

    Pricing Management

    Pricing strategies determine how services are priced, whether it’s a subscription-based model, pay-as-you-go, or tiered pricing. Pricing decisions impact revenue generation and market competitiveness.

    Service Bundling

    Product Management decides how services are bundled together to create attractive packages for customers. Bundling can include combinations of voice, data, and other services.

    Promotion Management

    Managing promotions involves creating and executing marketing campaigns, discounts, and special offers to attract and retain customers. Promotions are used to stimulate customer interest and boost sales.

    Some other functions of Product Management

    • Data Analytics
    • Business Intelligence
    • Environmental Compliance
    • Social & Governance Compliance
    • Policy Control and Charging
    • Service catalog management
    • Tariff management
    • Subscription life cycle management
    • Voucher life cycle management

    The importance of Product Management within the Business Support System (BSS)

    Product Management is the catalyst for service innovation and market competitiveness. It empowers service providers to respond to evolving customer demands, introduce new services, and stay ahead of the competition. A well-structured product management function enhances the provider’s ability to adapt to market dynamics.

    Integration with Other BSS Components

    Product Management closely collaborates with CRM to tailor services to specific customer segments based on their preferences and behaviors. It interfaces with billing systems to ensure that pricing structures align with the product catalogue. Additionally, it collaborates with order management to facilitate the provisioning of newly introduced services.

    What is the Synergy of Business Support System (BSS) Components?

    Mvno index - all - What is an Business Support System (BSS)

    While each Business Support System (BSS) component serves distinct functions, they are interlinked and dependent on one another to ensure seamless business operations.

    The synergy between these components is vital for service providers to deliver efficient services and maintain strong customer relationships. For more details about the synergy see here.

    CRM and Billing and Revenue Management

    CRM provides essential customer data that billing systems rely on to generate accurate invoices. Billing data, in turn, enriches CRM with financial insights, allowing for a more comprehensive view of customer relationships.

    CRM and Order Management

    CRM systems capture and manage customer interactions and preferences, which inform order management processes. A complete understanding of customers’ needs enables more accurate order processing.

    CRM and Product Management

    CRM systems provide valuable insights into customer behavior and preferences, which are used by product management to tailor service offerings. Personalized services enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty.

    Billing and Revenue Management and Order Management

    Billing systems rely on order data to accurately calculate charges for services. Order management ensures that services are provisioned in alignment with billing specifications.

    Billing and Revenue Management and Product Management

    Pricing and service offerings defined by product management are integrated into billing systems to support accurate billing. Pricing structures directly impact revenue collection.

    Order Management and Product Management

    Order management ensures that the services requested by customers align with the product catalog. This ensures that customers receive the services they expect.

    The best Business Support System (BSS)

    Determining the “best” BSS (Business Support System) solution is highly dependent on the specific needs, goals, and circumstances of your business. What might be the best solution for one organization may not necessarily be the best for another.

    There is no such things as the best BSS since everybody has different demands and requirements. More importantly the choice of BSS solution should align with your business’s unique requirements and objectives. See also: How to select a BSS and OSS

    The main difference between BSS and OSS?

    What are the distinctions between OSS and BSS, delving into their unique characteristics, functions, and roles within the telecommunications industry? To put it simply, OSS covers the operations and network side of the telco, while BSS covers the business and customer side. See also: What are the differences between OSS and BSS.

    Summary about the Business Support System (BSS)

    In the complex landscape of telecommunications and service provisioning, Business Support System (BSS) form the backbone of operations. The four distinct components of BSS—Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Billing and Revenue Management, Order Management, and Product Management—work in concert to deliver efficient services, enhance customer experiences, and maintain financial viability.

    The integration and synergy between these components are crucial for the success of service providers, enabling them to adapt to evolving market dynamics and build enduring customer relationships. In short with BSS as the foundation, service providers can navigate the competitive landscape with agility and innovation.

    OSS & BSS